Most of us have scars, but with a little TLC, those scars can be minimized.
When it comes to deep cuts, you can minimize scarring and the chance for infection by using adhesives strips or stitches and if you do cut yourself, the first steps to take are…
"Wash is with soap and water and at that point, put a moist gauze on the area and wrap it and then seek medical attention to have it evaluated," said Adrian Przybyla, a plastic surgeon.
Most scars fade over time, but more significant scars, called keloids, are where the scar is are raised and hardened caused by an over production of collagen
Przybyla said, "Usually when collagen laid is down after an injury, it is a straight formation and the keloids tends to go out of control. On a microscopic level, you see it is just bundled and it becomes extensive an invasive in that area."
Scars, including keloids, can be minimized with various creams, but you can't wait to get started.
"Usually a week. You can start applying different creams, vitamin E ointment or another one on the market called Mederma," Przybyla said.
For more serious scars and keloids, products like Scar Guard or silicone sheets are used, as well as massage.
Przybyla said, "The massage process and pressure onto the scar is what gives you the beneficial effect of reducing the scar and allowing the collagen to lay down straighter."
A last option may be injecting cortisone into scars. It can break the scar down, but it has its risks.
"It can weaken the normal tissue and the collagen, so if you have repetitive injections, for instance in the finger, you can risk a possibility of having a weakness in tendon, which can rupture or cause weakness in the skin if it's a chronic treatment you are undergoing," Przybyla said.
Keep scars and new cuts out of the sun and be sure use sun screen for up to a year.
"That scar can become very red if you develop a bad sun burn and make it worse," Przybyla said.